Shear Strength of Brick Masonry Wall Elements with Opening
Shear Strength Of Brick Masonry Wall Elements With Opening civil project report Unreinforced brick masonry is widely used for low rise buildings because of economy and ease in construction. But these buildings are vulnerable to damage when subjected to earthquake. Although masonry walls can carry substantial loads in compression, its load bearing capacity for tension and shear when subjected to seismic loads is relatively low.
Seismic performance of unreinforced brick masonry buildings is predominantly governed by the structural behavior of in plane shear walls. Lateral stiffness of structural walls is an important parameter for the estimation of the design force on brick masonry buildings. Period of vibration of building depends on the stiffness of walls. Seismic shear is distributed among the walls according to their individual stiffness.
- Influence of both horizontal and vertical reinforcement on lateral stiffness of masonry can be investigated.
- Variation of stiffness of masonry with aspect ratio, change in the position and type of opening can be studied.
- Nonlinear finite element analysis can be carried out to find the influence of reinforcement on shear stiffness of masonry.