Study on Cost Effective Arch Lintel for Rural Houses Using Concrete Blocks with Industrial Waste
This paper highlights India’s methods of using Study On Cost Effective Arch Lintel For Rural Houses Using Concrete Blocks With Industrial Waste. It provides us with a challenge to use natural materials and their by-products to reduce waste or bye products from industries and environmental pollution. Various natural materials with their property, disadvantages and availability have been discussed.
In today’s world, man’s basic need is food, clothing, and shelter. House construction is a dream for low-income people in our India. Whether a farmer, a labourer, or a private employee. Construction costs are high due to high wages and high material costs.
A poor man has to spend his whole life building a house. For low-income owners, low-cost housing is reasonable if they can invest 30% of their household income. India as a developing country has a high-income population of 20 percent that can afford a house.
High and medium income people take over most of low income housing. Cost-effective construction technology and materials are needed. A low cost housing does not mean sacrificing with strength or building with operational materials, but it means effective use of local materials and techniques that are durable and require less maintenance. By using alternative techniques, low-cost material reduces cost.
People need attractive houses, with more life span, larger space area, more environmentally friendly and cheaper. Therefore, cost-effective houses and low-cost houses are needed to meet the demand. Locally available materials and technology serve a purpose for low-income people.
Using cost-effective technology will not only save money but also reduce CO2 emissions, save time and faster production. Using alternative methods, a cost reduction of 20-30 percent can be achieved.
Based on the experimental results of theses test specimens, following conclusions can be drawn
- Equivalent UDL carrying capacity of test specimens SREMTS, SRCMTS is 1.41 kN /m2 at First crack whereas 3.93 kN/m2 and 2.52 kN/m2 at collapse load and deflection is slighter higher compared to permissible deflection.
- In Micro reinforced cost effective slab system 20% Economy can be achieved when compared with conventional roofing system.