E2HRC: An Energy-Efficient Heterogeneous Ring Clustering Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks
This implies that they must make efficient use of their resources such as memory usage, CPU power and energy. This increases the lifetime and productivity of the sensor. Energy consumption has become one of the major challenges of using WSNs.
An Energy-Efficient Heterogeneous Ring To overcome this challenge, increased efforts have been made over the past few years to minimize energy consumption using new algorithms and techniques on different layers of the WSN, including the hardware layer (i.e., sensing, processing, transmission), network layer (i.e., protocols, routing) and application layer.
- The routing convergence time is longer due to low network power and low loss.
- The routing convergence time also increases if the avoiding time of each node is too long. This method is not suitable for low power, low loss networks
The proposed clustering algorithm and cluster rotation mechanism also achieved distributed cluster rotation to prevent an energy hole, and effectively decreased the number of control packets during cluster rotation,thus balancing the network load and improving network performance.
We used the concept of Hessian multi-variable calculus matrix to improve energy efficiency and identify base station locations to minimize energy consumption. The proposed methodology is supported by the formulation of problems and necessary proofs. The proposed mathematical design will significantly support and improve low-energy networks.